The Cruel Practice
Animal testing can also be called as the experimentation done on animals by various firms and companies which are done to find out the biological and behavioural results of products or activities on them.
It is not the same as taking your animal companion to the vet. The effectiveness of products that are used to test on these animals is medical products, cosmetics, household cleaners, food additives, and pharmaceutical and industrial/agrochemicals. All these tests have the power to cause stress to the animals. Many companies claim that the test is mild and may not affect the animal much but it still is a source of stress to them.
It is found that most animals are killed at the end of an experiment. But, some are re-used for other experiments to be held. They are forced to chemical exposure in toxicity testing, which can include oral force-feeding, forced inhalation, skin or injection into the abdomen, muscle. Other exposures such as to drugs, chemicals or infectious disease at levels that cause illness, pain and distress, or death of the animal.
These poor animals are also deprived of their rights to food and water. They are also put through surgical operations followed by recovery. They are exposed to, or more like given wounds, burns and other injuries to study healing. Are exposed to the infliction of pain in order to study its treatment and physiology.
Their genes too are manipulated in these experiments, which may be the addition or the removal of genes. Apart from this, notching the body parts, such as ear or tail for the sake of identification is also done. These animals are put to experience short and prolonged period of physical restraint for observation and examination.
Behavioural experiments, that cause distress to the animal such as swimming and electric shock is also being conducted on the animals. The heartless processes of Killing by carbon dioxide asphyxiation, neck-breaking, decapitation, or other means is held.
It is calculated that at least 115 million animals are being experimented on worldwide, every year.
But since only a few countries collect information which concerns animal testing, the actual number of animals at stake remains unknown.
The US, 90 percent of the animals used in laboratories are excluded from the official statistics of the number of animals used, which make is no doubt a substantial underestimate. Within the borders of Europe itself, at least 12 million animals are used each year in the UK, France and Germany being the top three animal using countries. Despite suffering and being deprived of almost every natural instinct, these animals are not being recorded in the official statistics.
The types of animals used for such experiments all around the world come in many different species. But the most commonly used animals for such experiments include mice, fish, rats, guinea pigs, hamsters, farm animals, birds, cats, dogs, mini-pigs and sometimes monkeys and chimpanzees.