China, once again, ignited the fire over border issue by showing its consistent and clear stand on the eastern parts of the border, which they being considered as a part of Tibet region fall under China. Tibetan spiritual leader Dalai Lama had been targeted this time. An anti-China separatist, a name given to him by China, strongly opposed over his visit to disputed areas of the north-eastern state – Arunachal Pradesh. It is not that he visited Arunachal Pradesh for the first time but China is strongly opposing this move by blaming India for causing serious damage to their relation and interests.
They have warned India and said they will take necessary measures to defend its territorial sovereignty and legitimate rights and interests. China claims part of Arunachal Pradesh as southern Tibet and got very sensitive over his visit to Tawang region, which also happens to be the birthplace of spiritual leader Dalai Lama.
Dalai Lama is a spiritual and religious leader and he keeps on visiting India and other countries to conduct religious act and this trip to Arunachal Pradesh was also one of the same kind. But it has become one of the major concern for China as they termed this trip as something more to religious act and not purely for the spiritual and religious purpose.
India, on contrary, termed this trip as purely religious with no political colour or artificial conspiracy attached. Defending Dalai Lama, India also said that he visited Arunachal Pradesh earlier on many occasions and this time too, it is with the same purpose. India has also said China to not indulge in their internal matters as India always respected ‘One China’ policy, so China too should not interfere in India’s internal affairs. But China termed this matter as beyond internal affairs as Dalai Lama, this time was accompanied by Minister.
Dalai Lama has always been hated by China and considered as separatist and political trouble maker. The issue is as old as 1959 when Tibetans rebelled and overthrow Chinese government and uprised themselves and this uprising forced Dalai Lama to flee to India with some other Buddhist monks.
So, China hated Dalai Lama and to some extent India due to 1959 Tibetan rebellion. When Dalai Lama escaped to India, it was considered as a big insult by China, which made them isolated from the rest of the world on Tibet issues. China, in revenge, also punished India with the short war in 1962 for hosting Dalai Lama but India did not give up Dalai Lama. Since then, he has grown to be a respected leader in the world.
There was a severe tension among Tibet and China as latter wanted to reinforce their policies in Tibet and the worsened situation eventually erupted violence in Tibet in 1989, which led to the death of many protesting Tibetans by police fire.
China always considered a border dispute with India as a matter of strategic interest, a battle for public diplomacy, internal order and flexing of geopolitical muscle.
But this is not a solution to any problem. China must follow positive constructive path rather than a negative destructive path, which they have been following from last 40 years. There is always a solution to any problem, so the matter should be discussed more broadly and they should try to find a middle way. The main aspect to keep in mind is giving equal rights to everyone.