The Paris Agreement: A Pact Signed to Fight Climate Change with Unity
In December 2015, 195 countries adopted the very first universal legally binding global climate deal. This agreement has a view on a global action plan to put the world on track to avoid dangerous climate by limiting global warming to well below 2°C.
There were certain key elements that were set in this Pact so as to become a bridge between today’s policies and climate neutralities before the end of this century. Governments have agreed on a long-term goal of keeping the increase in global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels.
Setting a need for global emissions to peak as soon as possible, but this will take longer for developing countries. Aiming to limit the increase to 1.5°C, since this would significantly reduce risks and the impacts of climate change.
The Governments have agreed to come together in every 5 years to set more targets aiming at the betterment of this planet as required by science and to report to each other and the public on their stats on how they are doing things to implement their targets. Along with this, tracking progress towards the long-term goal through an accountability system.
Apart from this, this agreement aims to acknowledge the need to cooperate and enhance the understanding, action and support in different places such as by setting up early warning systems, emergency preparedness and risk insurances. It also realises the importance of preventing, reducing and addressing loss and damage associated with the unfavourable effects of climate change.
The Lima-Paris Act is an initiative of the Peruvian and French COP Presidencies, who brought together countries, cities, businesses and civil society members together to accelerate cooperative climate action in support of the new agreement.
Recently, President Donald Trump of the US withdrew the country from this Pact. The country refused to sign up to a G7 pledge that calls the Paris climate accord the “irreversible” global tool to address climate change. The US said in a note for the G7 report, it would not be joining the other six countries in reaffirming their Paris commitments but claimed it was taking action on its own to reduce its carbon footprint.
The US footnote said: “The United States will continue to engage with key international partners in a manner that is consistent with our domestic priorities, preserving both a strong economy and a healthy environment.”