Top 10 Earth Facts

  1. It is the only planet that has an atmosphere containing 21 percent oxygen. It is the only planet in the solar system that has life. It is the only planet that has liquid water on its surface.

  2. The Earth takes 365¼ days to complete its orbit round the Sun.  The Earth’s year is therefore 365 days long but the ¼ days are added up and every fourth year has one extra day, on the 29th of February.  This fourth year is called a Leap Year (366 days) and is always a year which can be divided exactly by 4 – 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020

  3. The coldest place on Earth is a high ridge in Antarctica where temperatures can dip below -133°F (-93.2°C).

  4. 20% of the Earth’s oxygen is produced by the Amazon rain forest.

  5. Between 10 and 20 volcanoes are erupting somewhere on Earth every day.

  6. The 2011 earthquake near Japan increased the Earth’s rotation speed, shortening the day by 1.8 microseconds

  7. The Queen of the UK is the legal owner of one-sixth of the Earth’s land surface

  8. There is enough gold in Earth’s core to coat its entire surface to a depth of 1.5 feet

  9. The Earth travels through space at 67,000 mph. This means that everyone on Earth is 67,000 miles farther away than they were an hour ago

  10. Earth is the only known place where a fire can occur naturally.



  1. Earth, Texas is the only place on Earth named “Earth.”

  2. 2200 years ago, Eratosthenes estimated the Earth’s circumference using math, without ever leaving Egypt. He was remarkably accurate. Christopher Columbus later studied him.

  3. The first life on Earth developed in the oceans through a process called Abiogenesis or biopoiesis. This is a natural process in which life grows from non-living matter like simple organic compounds.

  4. Earth’s water was initially trapped within the planet. Over time the Earth’s water was brought to the surface by the planet’s volcanic activity.

  5. The highest point found on Earth is Mount Everest which reaches a height of 8.8 km and highest place on Earth which is closest to space, is Mount Chimborazo in the Andes

  6. The lowest point on Earth is called Challenger Deep at 10.9 km below sea level; it is further than the peak of Mount Everest.

  7. There are 2 additional asteroids locked into co-orbital orbits with Earth. They’re called 3753 Cruithne and 2002 AA29, which are part of a larger population of asteroids known as Near-Earth Objects (NEOs). The asteroid known as 3753 Cruithne measures 5 km across, and is sometimes called “Earth’s second moon”. It doesn’t actually orbit the Earth, but has a synchronized orbit with our home planet. It also has an orbit that makes it look like it’s following the Earth in orbit, but it’s actually following its own, distinct path around the Sun.

  8. If you drilled a tunnel straight through the Earth and jump in, it would take you about 42 minutes to get to the other side.

  9. It takes 8 minutes and 20 seconds for light to travel from the sun to the earth

  10. There are more living organisms in a teaspoonful of soil than there are people on earth

  11. One-third of Earth’s land surface is partially or totally desert.

  12. Earth is the only planet not named after a god. The other seven planets in our solar system are all named after Roman gods or goddesses. Although only Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn were named during ancient times, because they were visible to the naked eye, the Roman method of naming planets was retained after the discovery of Uranus and Neptune.

  13. The Earth was once believed to be the centre of the universe. For 2000 years ancient astronomers believed that the Earth was static and had other celestial bodies travelling in circular orbits around it.

  14. Our galaxy probably contains at least 2 billion planets like Earth

  15. There are about 7500,000,000,000,000,000 grains of sand on Earth.

  16. The Earth’s core is about as hot as the sun

  17. Since at least the time of Pythagoras in 500 BC, no educated person believed the Earth was flat.

  18. Every second, the Sun sends to earth 10 times more neutrinos than the number of people on earth

  19. The Soviets drilled the world’s deepest hole into the earth for 14 years: its 12,262 meters (40,230 ft) deep

  20. There are about 22,000 manmade objects orbiting around planet Earth.

  21. Between 100 and 300 tons of cosmic dust enter the Earth’s atmosphere every day.

  22. Rain has never been recorded in parts of Chile’s Atacama Desert, the driest place on Earth.

  23. Each day, up to 4 billion meteoroids fall to Earth.

  24. Rainbows are actually circular. We don’t typically see a full circle rainbow because the Earth’s horizon blocks the lower part.

  25. In about 5 billion years, the Sun will deplete its supply of hydrogen and helium, turning into a red giant star, consuming Mercury and Venus and maybe even Earth

  26. Night and day on Earth only appear to last 45 minutes from the International Space Station

  27. Continents split up at the same speed finger nails grow

  28. Hawaii is moving towards Japan at the speed of 10 cm a year. This is because they are on different tectonic plates

  29. There is a ‘polka-dotted’ lake in Canada

  30. The volcanic rock known as pumice is the only rock that can float in water

  31. The rocks you are standing on get recycled. Volcanoes spit them out as magma, they dry, harden, and after a very long time either gets sucked down again by plate tectonics or get pushed towards Earth’s core by a fresh layer of rocks above.

  32. Speaking of magma, the hottest temperature ever recorded on Earth’s surface was 136 degrees F or 57.8 degrees C in El Azizia, Libya recorded in 1922.

  33. A person who weighs 150.8 pounds at the North Pole weighs just 150 pounds at the equator. This is because the pull of gravity is stronger at the poles

  34. There is no solid land under the North Pole, just sea ice

  35. The tallest waterfall on Earth is Angel Falls, which is 3,212 feet high. It is as tall as a 300-story building

  36. There are no black flowers on earth, though some are very dark shades of purple or red

  37. Lake Baikal in Russia holds 20% of Earth’s unfrozen freshwater. It is the deepest and oldest lake in the world

  38. The word Earth comes from the Anglo-Saxon word Erda, which means “ground” or “soil” and is thought to be 1,000 years old.

  39. Scientists now believe that we were once not alone in our orbit around the Sun – we had a “twin” planet we call Theia, which was the size of Mars and was 60 degrees either in front or behind our Big Blue Ball. One afternoon about 4.533 billion years ago, Theia crashed into the Earth; most of the planet was absorbed, but a large chunk blew off and combined with materials from our planet to create the Moon. Why do we think this? It’s because our Moon is unusually large for a planet of our size and has metallic isotopes similar to those on Earth

  40. Earth’s magnetic north pole is actually moving further north, which means it’s actually moving around the globe. Eventually, the poles will switch. That sounds like a really big deal, but it has happened before.

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Post Author: MaximumFacts Team

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